That covers the basic flame shape, but if you look at the DreamWorks example, you’ll notice that the edges are oval, not circles. To recreate this, drop your “Flame” comp into a new comp (I called mine “Flame Stretch”), then stretch the “Flame” layer to be taller vertically and skinnier horizontally. Building the FireTo create the whole fire, you’ll be making duplicates of the flame with different colors, and scaling/moving them around. For each duplicate you make, offset the timing of the layer to make sure it’s not showing the exact same frame as any other instance. Create a new comp (I named it “Vector Fire”) and drop the “Flame Stretch” comp into it. For the color, add a Gradient Ramp effect, and set it to yellow at the top of the flame and reddish orange at the bottom. Duplicate it and scale/move it to create a larger base.Gradient for the base flame:First instance of the flame:Two instances of the flame for the base. Don’t forget to offset the time of the second layer:Duplicate it again a couple times and change the colors of these to a white-to-yellow gradient. These will be smaller and form the brighter middle of the fire, so move/scale them to create that look.Gradient colors for the top/middle flames:First “small” flame:Another “small flame” instance:Last, we’ll need an in-between, so duplicate one of the orange base flames a few times and swap the gradient colors using the “Swap Colors” button. Use these new ones to create a mid-sized section of the fire behind the lighter/smaller flames.First “middle” flame instance:Another “middle” flame on the right:A third “middle” flame to fill in the right side:Scales and positions for the above:There you go! That’s how to make vector fire!This method uses nested comps, so most of the “physics” don’t apply of the bat, but if you don’t mind slower render times, you can turn on the “Collapse Transformations” switches and use a few parented nulls to get your physics back. On the other hand, if you don’t mind not having physics but want better render times, try pre-rendering the basic flame shape to a codec like ProRes 444 with an alpha, then do the coloring and duplicating for the full fire using the new .mov file. Create awesome vector fire in After Effects using Trapcode Particular!For a recent client project, I was asked to do a motion graphics video that was fire themed. In general, realistic fire effects are crazy hard to pull off well, so I started looking for a different approach. Most of the design collateral for the client revolved around a vector/illustrated look, so I decided to do some searching and experimentation around a “vector fire” theme.After a short Google session, I ran across a great example of exactly what I wanted to create:Sadly, they didn’t include a tutorial for how to create this look, so I took what hints I could from the comments and got to work experimenting, and ended up with this:It’s not exactly what’s in the original example – I modified its look to match my needs, so you’ll notice some key differences, like no little embers/sparks, and it goes straight up, not at an angle. That said, it’s not too hard to create. Here’s how:Building the Flame in After EffectsTo start with, create a new comp at a pretty big size: 1500 x 2500. We want a vector look, so a large size will give it the super-sharp feel of a vector.Next, create a new solid, name it “Flame”, and apply an instance of Trapcode Particular (the best particle emitter for AE, hands down). We’ll start by getting the particles to look right. Crank the size up to 80 and drop the sphere feather down to 0. Now we’ve got nice, large, sharp circles to work with.Change the emitter type to “Box”, and set its emission direction to “Directional.” Now, move the base of the emitter to below the bottom of the comp and make the emitter much wider on the X-axis (around 1200 or so worked for me) then adjust the velocity to somewhere around 900. You’ll probably notice that, by default, “Directional” emitters throw particles away from the comp into Z-space, so rotate the emitter by 40º on the X axis to get it going more vertically, but still tapering off a little towards the top. Set the emitter to start below the bottom of the comp:Now that the emitter is shooting particles in the right direction, we’ll want to get the emission and velocity settings down to create the base shape. We want to have basically a solid interior, with a little bit of randomness on the edges. To get the solid interior, crank the particles/sec up to 600, then set the direction spread to 10 to control some of the randomness of the edges; we don’t really want any huge pieces outside the main shape on their own. Last, set the life to 6 and the life random to 20, which will get us a taller flame with a nicely random tip.The base of the flame:Now that we’ve got the base shape down, what we want to do is create a wide, less dense emitter to cut off the right and left sides of the base to make it look like fire. We’re going to duplicate the Particular layer and change a few things. Place the new layer on top and name it, “Left Obscure.” Set the blend mode to “Silhouette Alpha,” which will cut the alpha of that layer out of anything below it.We’ll pull the size down a little to 70, but we’ll also crank the size random up to 60 so that we get some really huge ones and some much smaller ones. We’ll also set the life random to 50 to make things a little more sparse. For the emitter itself, we’ll want half the number of particles (so around 300) and a much larger direction spread of 30 to give us some great randomness.At this point it’s going to look really huge, and we only need it to obscure the edge of the whit emitter, so we can shrink the emitter’s X-axis size down to 200. Now we’ve got it the right shape, so we’ll move it to the left and rotate it on the Y-axis to -8, with the end goal of cutting off the left side of the base emitter at an angle.Set the emitter to come from the bottom left:Left side obscured:That’s one side done, so next we’ll duplicate the “Left Obscure” layer and rename it “Right Obscure.” Move it to the right and change the Y rotation to the opposite of the left side (8). Move the emitter to the bottom right:A nice looking flame:At this point, you may decide that you want a “bottom” instead of a hard cut-off (I did in my case), so you can increase the comp’s size to 1500×3000 if you’d like, and do the same for the base layer (you can leave the obscure layers as-is if you’d like. You’ll make a new obscure layer that overlaps them, so they’re fine as they are). To make a bottom, duplicate your base layer and rename it “Bottom Obscure.” We’re duplicating the base layer and not an obscure layer because we want the bottom to be more controlled. Don’t forget to set its blend mode to “Silhouette Alpha” so that it cuts away like the other “Obscure” layers.Move the emitter to the bottom left corner and change it’s rotation to 90º on the X-axis and around 100º on the Y-axis. It should be placed so that it completely covers the bottom. Next, twirl down Physics => Air => Spherical Field settings (it might help to have “Visualize Fields” on for this next part). What we want to do is create a sphere that pushes the particles away from the base of the flame to create a round “bottom.” Set the strength to around 80 (positive numbers repel, negative numbers attract) and the radius to fit the size of your flame’s base (600 for me). This should make a nice looking flame bottom for you. Don’t forget to turn off “Visualize Fields” before proceeding.
West Bengal has incurred a loss of ₹23,811 crore in the devastations caused by cyclone Bulbul that has affected around 35 lakh people in three districts, said a report the state government submitted to the visiting central team said on Saturday. The report was handed over to the members of the central team during a meeting with state Chief Secretary Rajiva Sinha at the secretariat and a separate report would be sent to the Centre. Members of the team called on the State government officials on Saturday, a day after they visited the cyclone-hit areas in North & South 24 Parganas and Purba Midnapore districts to assess the extent of damage caused by the storm.“The state has incurred a total loss of ₹23,811 crore in the three districts ravaged by cyclone Bulbul where over 35 lakhs of people have been directly affected. A total of 5,17,535 houses were damaged in the cyclone,” a senior official said, quoting from the report. Altogether 14,89,924 hectare of agricultural land have been damaged, it said adding that the power department has incurred a loss of ₹597 crore. As many as 4,35,000 tarpaulin and 6.2 lakh water pouches have been distributed by the state Public Health Engineering department, the report said.“Reports on losses incurred in North and South 24 Parganas and East Medinipur districts due to the storm and requirement in those areas were handed over to the central team. We would submit a separate report to the Centre,” the IAS officer said. The central team have made ground visits, conducted aerial surveys of the affected areas and met officials of the three affected officials.“We visited the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of devastation. We have spoken to all the people concerned,” a member of the central team said.“We have taken note of what we have gathered from our meetings in these districts. We will now submit a report to the central government,” he said. The team members included joint secretary of Ministry of Home Affairs K.B. Singh, assistant director of department of expenditure under the Union finance ministry Sumit Agarwal, director of department of agriculture Narendra Kumar and deputy director of Union Power Ministry O.P. Suman. Cyclone Bulbul had made landfall late on November 9 between Sagar Islands in West Bengal and Khepupara in Bangladesh. Altogether 14 people, including fishermen of a capsized trawler, died in the calamity. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had earlier welcomed the visit of the team to the cyclone-hit areas. After conducting an aerial survey of the cyclone-hit areas, she had said on Wednesday that the loss incurred by the state due to the catastrophe might go up to ₹50,000 crore.
Government has taken steps to abolish whipping as a penalty for certain criminal offences, with the tabling of several legislations in the Senate, on November 16. The Bills, which were tabled by Minister of Justice, Senator the Hon. Mark Golding, will support Jamaica’s adherence to modern trends in human rights jurisprudence in relation to corporal punishment. To this end, the Larceny (Amendment) Act 2012; the Law Reform (Flogging and Whipping) (Abolition) Act, 2012 and the Obeah (Amendment) Act 2012 were tabled. All three Bills, when passed, will repeal the Crime Prevention Act and the Flogging Regulation Act. Cabinet gave approval for the tabling of the legislations to abolish the judicial imposition of corporal punishment in the form of flogging and whipping. This move will support the Government’s commitment against torture and international protocols against human rights violation.
Journal Reference:Hsiang EY, Mehta SJ, Small DS, et al. Association of Primary Care Clinic Appointment Time With Clinician Ordering and Patient Completion of Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening. JAMA Netw Open.2019;2(5):e193403. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3403 Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)May 13 2019The time of day of a primary care appointment was associated with the likelihood of a physician ordering cancer screenings and of patients completing those screenings in this study of 33 practices with patients eligible for breast or colorectal cancer screening.The likelihood of physicians ordering cancer screenings decreased as the clinic day progressed and so did the likelihood of patients completing those screenings within one year of the office visit.Related StoriesSpecial blood test may predict relapse risk for breast cancer patientsLiving with advanced breast cancerNew study to ease plight of patients with advanced cancerThis observational study cannot explain the cause behind these associations but clinician and patient factors may explain it, such as shorter interactions with patients if physicians fall behind and cancer screenings not being discussed. Screening test order rates were highest at 8 a.m. and lowest at 5 p.m.The results of this study may not be generalizable because it was conducted at a single health system and variation in screening orders and patient completion may be related to factors unaccounted for in this study.Future interventions that aim to increase cancer screenings should consider how the timing of primary care visits might influence physician and patient behavior.
Explore further Citation: Airline technology supplier says outage has been fixed (2019, May 14) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-airline-technology-supplier-outage.html Travel-technology provider Sabre says the problem that prevented some airline travelers from checking in for flights has been fixed. A Sabre spokeswoman said Tuesday that the problem originated with one of the company’s network suppliers, CenturyLink.Cassidy Smith of Sabre says the glitch affected airlines that connect with Sabre through CenturyLink’s network.Smith declined to identify the affected airlines. Some JetBlue customers complained they were unable to check in for flights.CenturyLink did not immediately respond to phone and email messages seeking comment.FlightStats says about 1,900 U.S. flights were delayed by early afternoon on the East Coast, although it’s unclear how many are related to the Sabre failure.Sabre suffered a similar outage that affected several U.S. airlines on April 29. © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Several US airlines hit by brief computer-related outage This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Photos: Vikings Accessorized with Tiny Metal Dragons Fierce Fighters: 7 Secrets of Viking Seamen Archaeologists recently unearthed two Viking burial boats in Uppsala, Sweden — one of which was exceptionally preserved and held the remains of a dog, a man and a horse. The Vikings sent a handful of their powerful elites to the afterlife in boats laden with sacrificed animals, weapons and treasure; the funeral practice dates back to the Iron Age (A.D. 550 to 800) but was used throughout the Viking age (A.D. 800 to 1050), according to a statement. These richly appointed graves have been discovered across Scandinavia. For example, archaeologists had previously found one such burial boat in Norway that had evidence of human remains and one in western Scotland that contained a slew of burial items such as an ax, a shield boss, a ringed pin, a hammer and tongs. The elites who were given such elaborate send-offs were also often buried with animals, such as stallions.Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65892-viking-burial-boats-discovered-sweden.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35 These burial boats were typically built with overlapping wooden planks (called “clinker built”) and had symmetrical ends, a true keel and overlapping planks joined together, said Johan Anund, the regional manager for The Archaeologists, an archeological organization working with the National Historical Museums in Sweden. Archaeologists have also found other, simpler boat structures, such as logboats, which are like a dugout wide canoe, Anand told Live Science in an email. [Photos: A Man, a Horse and a Dog Found in Viking Boat Burials] The remains of the dog and the horse were nestled in the bow of the well-preserved boat, while the remains of the man were found in the stern. “We don’t know much” about the man yet, Anund said. But analysis of the skeleton will reveal how old he was, how tall he was and if he had any injuries or diseases. Anund’s group may even be able to figure out where the man grew up and where he lived for most of his life, Anund said. As for the animals buried with him, they could have been sacrificed to help the dead person on the “other side” but could also be there to show the man’s status and rank, Anund said. It’s common to find horses and dogs in such burials, but also big birds like falcons. Archaeologists also found other items on the boat such as a sword, spear, shield, an ornate comb, and leftover wood and iron nails that were likely used in its construction. The other boat was badly damaged, probably because a 16th-century medieval cellar was built right on top of it, according to the statement. Some human and animal bones were still preserved on the damaged ship, but they seem to have been moved around, making it difficult for archaeologists to say much about them, Anund said. Archaeologists discovered the ships, the well and the cellar after a plot of land outside Uppsala was marked off to become a new building for the vicarage of Gamla Uppsala parish. They excavated the boats last month and some of the finds will go on display at Gamla Uppsala museum and the Swedish History Museum in Stockholm. Live Science Editor-in-Chief Jeanna Bryner contributed to this story. Editor’s Note: This article was updated to correct the fact that “clinker” boats meant the boats were made of overlapping wooden planks. Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoLivestlyThe List Of Dog Breeds To Avoid At All CostsLivestlyUndoArticles VallyDad Cuts Daughter’s Hair Off For Getting Birthday Highlights, Then Mom Does The UnthinkableArticles VallyUndo Photos: 10th-Century Viking Tomb Unearthed in Denmark
Bill to make sexual crimes gender neutral introduced in ParliamentSpeaking to India Today TV, KTS Tulsi said that he would be sending the bill to several members of Parliament as it was a “social issue and not a political issue”.advertisement Next Aneesha Mathur New DelhiJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 22:55 IST The bill was brought before Parliament on Friday. (Photo: PTI)Postponed in 2013 amidst the outrage following the Nirbhaya rape case, the issue of making sexual offences gender neutral was once again brought before Parliament on Friday. Senior lawyer and Parliamentarian KTS Tulsi introduced a private members bill before the Rajya Sabha to introduce amendments in the criminal laws to make sexual offences gender neutral.Speaking to India Today TV, KTS Tulsi said that he would be sending the bill to several members of Parliament as it was a “social issue and not a political issue”.”Law needs to be balanced. The balance has been disturbed. All sexual offences should be gender neutral. Men, women, and other genders can be perpetrators and also victims of these offences. Men, women and others need to be protected,” Tulsi said.The bill proposes amendments in the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Criminal procedure Code and the Indian Evidence Act to ensure that the words “any man” and “any woman” in the sections relating to sexual offences in the laws are changed to read as “any person”.This would extend the protection of the law to women, men and transgender persons.The bill also points out that there has been a “spate of incidents resulting in injuries, psychological trauma and death of persons at the hands of offenders belonging to either gender or sex on account of various sexual offences and exploitation committed against them”.Apart from other changes, the bill also calls for inserting a new offence in the rape laws – to include punishment for “touching” without penetration of the genitals of the victim.It calls for the insertion of S375A in the IPC, to punish “sexual assault” defined as “intentionally touches the genitals, anus or breast of the person or makes the person touch the vagina, penis, anus or breast of that person or any other person, without the other person’s consent except where such touching is carried out for proper hygienic or medical purposes”.While changes in S375 under the 2013 amendment act redefined ‘rape’ as penetration or insertion and introduced stricter punishment for sexual harassment and molestation under section 354, this provision calls for a new offence of “sexual assault” which would carry a punishment of up to three years imprisonment.The statement of objects for the bill claims that it is meant to “provide for effective protection of the Constitutional rights of all persons vulnerable to sexual exploitation and offences, to punish acts of sexual assault and rape of all persons including but not limited to men and transgender persons in addition to the protection afforded to women under the existing penal laws and punish offenders of any sex or gender thereto”.Interestingly, by changing the definition of the perpetrator and victim of sexual assault from “man ” and “woman” to “any person”, the bill allows for recognition of not only transgender persons defined as the ‘other’ gender under Indian law, but would potentially leave the door open for the recognition of other gender identities.The issue was raised in a PIL before the Supreme Court last year. The court had then declined to pass any orders, noting that the matter required legislation to be passed, which was the domain of Parliament.Also Read | Rajya Sabha passes Aadhaar amendment Bill, allows to file complaint in case of security breachAlso Watch | UP law panel drafts stringent law for mob lynching, recommends life termFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byChanchal Chauhan