‘A guy was able to throw me out the window’: Woman who survived California shooting

first_imgKABC-TV(THOUSAND OAKS, Calif.) — After a man dressed in black blasted his way into a Thousand Oaks, California, bar late Wednesday, throwing smoke bombs and firing multiple rounds, at least two women escaped after a fellow patron used a chair to break a window and throw them to safety. A witness who only provided her first name, Savannah, credited two fellow patrons with saving her life. “A guy was able to throw me out the window,” she said. “They had chairs and threw them out the window, and they were able to take me and my girlfriend out the window and carried us out here. I was able to get out, so I don’t know how long it was going on for, but it felt like at least five minutes. It probably went on for at least 10.” The shooter was found dead when police later entered the Borderline Bar and Grill. Twelve others, including a Ventura County Sheriff’s Department sergeant, were killed. Other bar patrons hid under tables and chairs or dove through windows to escape the shooter — who’s yet to be identified. “We were behind this barrier, and then he pops off a whole other 30 rounds — 10 minutes after that, four cops come, drag everyone out,” a shirtless witness told police. “Everyone starts jumping through the windows,” the witness added, pointing to his chest. “My friend he got hit right here — it went through his shoulder.” He said the suspect entered the building wearing a black trench coat and deployed smoke grenades in between shots. “Everyone ducks down,” the witness continued. “We start grabbing chairs, throwing them out the window.” As many as 15 people were rescued from the scene and taken to local hospitals with different injuries, police said. Others sustained minor injuries while fleeing. “There were multiple victims of different levels of injury inside that were rescued from the scene and taken to local hospitals,” Geoff Dean of the Ventura County Sheriff’s Department told reporters early Thursday morning. Ten or 12 other people were injured, he said. Nick Steinwender, a student at nearby California Lutheran University, said he rushed to the scene when he heard about the shooting. He said many students from his school go to this bar on Wednesdays, and at least one of his friends was injured in the shooting. “It was chaos, people jumping out of windows, people hopping over gates to get out,” Steinwender told ABC Los Angeles station KABC-TV.He said witnesses told him that some patrons survived by hiding in bathrooms and the attic.“From what I heard, gunman started shooting at front desk. Friends were reporting from inside that students people were hiding in the attic and bathrooms,” Steinwender said. Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

中国最慷慨的百名慈善家

first_img近几十年来中国逐步成长为全球经济引擎,其重要性日益加剧。关于该国经济增长的任何风吹草动,或诸如最近几周的股市波动,都会撼动国际市场。伴随中国经济的迅猛增长,很多人积累起了巨额财富。然而,关于第一代白手起家的富翁以及他们是如何回报社会的,却鲜有报道。现在,哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院艾什民主治理与创新中心的研究员们首次勾勒了中国大陆2015年前100位捐赠者的慈善行为。研究不仅涵盖他们的身份以及财产,还包括他们自身所处的行业、捐赠额、所支持的行业以及受益的领域。“人们现在极其关注中国最富有人群的行为习惯。三十年前,每个人都一样的贫穷,” 领导此项目数据收集和网站设计的哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院公共管理硕士毕业生、艾什民主治理与创新中心研究员魏沛然说道。“在慈善行业,诸如捐赠领域和受益群体等数据,不仅对于普通人,而且对于政府、企业和想要为这个社会做出贡献的人都是一件非常重要的工具。慈善家的影响力和财力确实很重要。”哈佛肯尼迪学院最新研究成果显示了2015年中国最慷慨的100位慈善家来自哪里(红色圆圈),哪些省市受益最多(黄色圆圈)。广东和北京等富裕省市捐赠数量最多,收到的也最多;然而,西藏和新疆等较贫困的地区鲜有受益。来源:中国慈善项目,艾什民主治理与创新中心。最新成立的“中国慈善项目”及其相关网站旨在为不断进行的关于中国慈善捐赠模式和趋势的研究提供重要的交互性数据,并成为一个服务非营利性组织、政府、学术界和媒体的数据库。研究员们希望通过具体量化慈善家年度捐赠数据,以帮助未来捐款人在做捐赠决定时,能做出更正确的选择,同时也希望能够通过建立“慷慨指数”在慈善家之间建立起良性竞争。“新兴富裕阶层非常关注如何更有效并有意义地进行捐赠,” 魏沛然还说,“因为他们是第一代富起来的人,所以他们对什么是回馈社会的最好方法了解并不多。”“中国正处在镀金时代,而中国缺乏美国在镀金时代的宗教基础和价值体系……因此并不存在关于如何及怎样捐赠的行为守则,”哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院艾什民主治理与创新中心中国项目主任康义德说:“这也是为什么我们应该引导他们的捐赠行为。”报告显示,上榜的前100名慈善家中绝大多数为男性,平均年龄为54岁,多数来自于商业和政府活动频繁的富裕省市,例如广东、北京和福建。上榜慈善家们更倾向于资助位于其家乡的机构,这也意味着西藏、新疆和云南等贫困地区鲜少受益。乘着快速城镇化带来对住房急剧需求的东风,榜单上的许多慈善家靠房地产生意致富。大多数房地产业的慈善家们选择通过在顶级学府设立奖学金、冠名教学楼等方式捐助教育产业。令人意外的是,尽管中国空气污染问题严重,但榜单上的慈善家们很少捐助环保组织。针对此现象,魏沛然的解释为,对慈善家来说,资助带来高社会效益且立竿见影的教育产业远比捐赠解决空气污染、水污染等极具挑战性且需长期努力的环保项目更具吸引力。魏沛然指出:“毫无疑问,慈善家们希望看到自己在榜单中的排名,并关注其他慈善家的动向,并且了解如何在未来做得更好。我认为,政府对这样的榜单也会很感兴趣,因为以前从未有过对慈善活动的地域属性做如此详尽分析的报告。”他还提到:“我们研究慈善家地域属性的另一个原因是为非政府组织提供便利。通过我们的报告,非政府组织能够清晰地了解,每年各个地区对慈善投入最大的慈善家是谁。”因为中国的慈善事业相对年轻,因此与捐赠有关的记录非常分散,几乎没有类似捐赠者数据库或美国国税局990表这样的权威数据来源。研究员们通过各种渠道对数据进行广泛验证,包括各种公开信息、媒体报导、访谈以及其他官方渠道。宏观上看,中国慈善行业规模还相对很小。2014年,中国全国慈善捐赠总额占国内生产总值的比重为0.1%。在美国,该比例为2%。印度为0.4%,俄罗斯则为0.01%。中国是全球第二大经济体,“因此对于中国人来说,前路漫长,” 魏沛然说道。在经历了过去十几年的经济和社会巨变后,中国富有精英们有很强的意愿希望将其个人和家庭传承下去,而并不是为了获得很少的税收优惠而捐赠。“我认为他们这样做的部分动????是为自己的子女及后辈创造一个路线图,不仅是如何回馈社会,更重要的是给后辈灌输什么是最重要的事,”康义德说。“他们深深担忧第二代,更别说第三代子孙,担心他们并不会非常成功。这并不仅因为他们无须经历同样的经济困难和文革时期的心理创伤,而是他们缺乏来自于中国传统社会紧密社会联系的好处。”魏沛然说,很多中国富豪对美国的富豪感动好奇,比如洛克菲勒家族,他们也对美国慈善领域的优秀实践感兴趣。他们中的很多人已经建立了自己的基金会,也会参考美国慈善家安德鲁·卡内基和范德比尔特的做法。“在美国有效的实践可能在中国不奏效,所以他们必须拿出适用于中国社会的解决方案,”魏沛然说。这一代富豪从旧有的共产主义经济体制的私有化过程中受益,这有着重要的社会意义,比如新兴富有阶层如何与政府互动,康徳义说。“一个重要的问题是,这些富豪在中国更为广泛的政治、社会、经济领域中扮演何种角色。”因为财富集中程度很高,资本外流始终是个让中国政府担忧的问题。中资银行纷纷开发私人理财产品,以满足富有人群需求,并防止他们把资本转向欧美银行。“很长时间以来,人们都很关注这类人群的需求、期望以及动机,因为他们具有显著的经济影响力,”康义德说。现在中国的慈善家们已经积攒起大量财富,他们正想方设法希望通过个人的力量,建立起自身基金会,从而解决区域之间不均衡的问题,“但是他们要跟政府打交道,而政府尚未建立起允许这种职业化行为发生的法规,” 康义德说。“他们在充满挑战和困难的政策环境下运作,因此尚不清楚他们如何得以可持续地发展,” 康义德说,“这就是为什么前路漫长的原因。”last_img read more