WFTU: 75 years of working-class unionism

first_imgThe World Federation of Trade Unions marked its 75th anniversary on Oct. 3. Its 1945 founding Congress in Paris “spoke in the name of the working people of the world organized in trade unions who wanted a world free from war and social injustices. The foundation of the WFTU was thus seen as indicative of the new era that had opened with the defeat of fascism at the hands of the anti-fascist alliance of states. The working people and the democratic forces saw in that victory the new future of the world, where imperialism and colonialism would retreat and where freedom, peace, democracy and prosperity would advance for all humankind.” (wftucentral.org)Pedro Euse, Secretary General of the United Confederation of Venezuelan Workers, and comrades celebrate the World Federation of Trade Unions (Federación Sindical Mundial).At the 17th Congress, held in 2016 in Durban, South Africa, the federation proclaimed its adherence to anti-imperialist and “class-oriented” union principles. This distinguishes the WFTU from other world labor bodies, which have historically advanced an anti-communist and class collaborationist agenda. In 2016, unions affiliated with WFTU represented 92 million workers around the world, and the federation continues to grow.Speaking in front of a new monument erected in Greece to honor the 75th anniversary, WFTU Secretary-General George Mavrikos said: “We are proud for our 75 years, always together with the ordinary people, always, 75 years, with the workers, with the people who struggle for their interests, for their benefits, for their children and their families. We are optimistic that through our efforts we will build unions strong and with spirit, militant, all over the world.” (wftucentral.org)President Mzwandile Michael Makwayiba of South Africa added: “75 years later WFTU continues the same uncompromising path — with unity, class orientation that is international” and, despite the COVID pandemic, “successfully combining struggles for health of the people with 75 years of life and action of WFTU.” (wftucentral.org)Since the anniversary celebrations, held in numerous countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas, the WFTU has issued progressive statements on the military conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, the conviction of fascist Golden Dawn members in Greece and in solidarity with education workers on World Teachers Day. (Oct. 5) Martha Grevatt was a delegate to the 17th Congress of the WFTU.  FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Judicial authorities unearth more libel cases against national daily

first_img Reporters Without Borders firmly condemns the judicial harassment of the French-language daily Al-Watan that has continued since its libel conviction on 23 December.“There is no doubt that the prosecutions being brought against Al-Watan are purely political in nature,” Reporters Without Borders said. “We are disappointed that judges are giving serious consideration to defamation suits that were filed with the sole aim of harming the newspaper. The only just response would be to dismiss them.”Al-Watan editor Omar Belhouchet was summoned before a court in the Algiers district of Sidi M’hammed on 28 December in connection with three libel actions dating back several years. Two were brought by the now deceased CEO of the national airline, Air Algérie, over two articles, one of which was about fare increases. The third was brought by the police in Bouira (110 km southeast of Algiers) in 2002 about a report the previous year referring to the killing of more than 100 protesters by the police.The first two cases were adjourned until 11 January. The third was adjourned until 22 January.Belhouchet and one of his reporters, Salima Tlemçani, were sentenced on 23 December to three months in prison and a fine of 50,000 dinars (500 euros) for allegedly libelling a faith healer in a 2004 article. They remain free pending the outcome of their appeal. May 12, 2021 Find out more AlgeriaMiddle East – North Africa Follow the news on Algeria Harassment of Algerian reporters intensifies in run-up to parliamentary elections News Receive email alerts Algeria pressures reporters by delaying renewal of accreditation Algeria : Reporter jailed after covering Tuareg protests in southern Algeria AlgeriaMiddle East – North Africa December 30, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Judicial authorities unearth more libel cases against national dailycenter_img News News May 18, 2021 Find out more RSF_en News Organisation Help by sharing this information to go further April 29, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

中国最慷慨的百名慈善家

first_img近几十年来中国逐步成长为全球经济引擎,其重要性日益加剧。关于该国经济增长的任何风吹草动,或诸如最近几周的股市波动,都会撼动国际市场。伴随中国经济的迅猛增长,很多人积累起了巨额财富。然而,关于第一代白手起家的富翁以及他们是如何回报社会的,却鲜有报道。现在,哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院艾什民主治理与创新中心的研究员们首次勾勒了中国大陆2015年前100位捐赠者的慈善行为。研究不仅涵盖他们的身份以及财产,还包括他们自身所处的行业、捐赠额、所支持的行业以及受益的领域。“人们现在极其关注中国最富有人群的行为习惯。三十年前,每个人都一样的贫穷,” 领导此项目数据收集和网站设计的哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院公共管理硕士毕业生、艾什民主治理与创新中心研究员魏沛然说道。“在慈善行业,诸如捐赠领域和受益群体等数据,不仅对于普通人,而且对于政府、企业和想要为这个社会做出贡献的人都是一件非常重要的工具。慈善家的影响力和财力确实很重要。”哈佛肯尼迪学院最新研究成果显示了2015年中国最慷慨的100位慈善家来自哪里(红色圆圈),哪些省市受益最多(黄色圆圈)。广东和北京等富裕省市捐赠数量最多,收到的也最多;然而,西藏和新疆等较贫困的地区鲜有受益。来源:中国慈善项目,艾什民主治理与创新中心。最新成立的“中国慈善项目”及其相关网站旨在为不断进行的关于中国慈善捐赠模式和趋势的研究提供重要的交互性数据,并成为一个服务非营利性组织、政府、学术界和媒体的数据库。研究员们希望通过具体量化慈善家年度捐赠数据,以帮助未来捐款人在做捐赠决定时,能做出更正确的选择,同时也希望能够通过建立“慷慨指数”在慈善家之间建立起良性竞争。“新兴富裕阶层非常关注如何更有效并有意义地进行捐赠,” 魏沛然还说,“因为他们是第一代富起来的人,所以他们对什么是回馈社会的最好方法了解并不多。”“中国正处在镀金时代,而中国缺乏美国在镀金时代的宗教基础和价值体系……因此并不存在关于如何及怎样捐赠的行为守则,”哈佛大学肯尼迪政府学院艾什民主治理与创新中心中国项目主任康义德说:“这也是为什么我们应该引导他们的捐赠行为。”报告显示,上榜的前100名慈善家中绝大多数为男性,平均年龄为54岁,多数来自于商业和政府活动频繁的富裕省市,例如广东、北京和福建。上榜慈善家们更倾向于资助位于其家乡的机构,这也意味着西藏、新疆和云南等贫困地区鲜少受益。乘着快速城镇化带来对住房急剧需求的东风,榜单上的许多慈善家靠房地产生意致富。大多数房地产业的慈善家们选择通过在顶级学府设立奖学金、冠名教学楼等方式捐助教育产业。令人意外的是,尽管中国空气污染问题严重,但榜单上的慈善家们很少捐助环保组织。针对此现象,魏沛然的解释为,对慈善家来说,资助带来高社会效益且立竿见影的教育产业远比捐赠解决空气污染、水污染等极具挑战性且需长期努力的环保项目更具吸引力。魏沛然指出:“毫无疑问,慈善家们希望看到自己在榜单中的排名,并关注其他慈善家的动向,并且了解如何在未来做得更好。我认为,政府对这样的榜单也会很感兴趣,因为以前从未有过对慈善活动的地域属性做如此详尽分析的报告。”他还提到:“我们研究慈善家地域属性的另一个原因是为非政府组织提供便利。通过我们的报告,非政府组织能够清晰地了解,每年各个地区对慈善投入最大的慈善家是谁。”因为中国的慈善事业相对年轻,因此与捐赠有关的记录非常分散,几乎没有类似捐赠者数据库或美国国税局990表这样的权威数据来源。研究员们通过各种渠道对数据进行广泛验证,包括各种公开信息、媒体报导、访谈以及其他官方渠道。宏观上看,中国慈善行业规模还相对很小。2014年,中国全国慈善捐赠总额占国内生产总值的比重为0.1%。在美国,该比例为2%。印度为0.4%,俄罗斯则为0.01%。中国是全球第二大经济体,“因此对于中国人来说,前路漫长,” 魏沛然说道。在经历了过去十几年的经济和社会巨变后,中国富有精英们有很强的意愿希望将其个人和家庭传承下去,而并不是为了获得很少的税收优惠而捐赠。“我认为他们这样做的部分动????是为自己的子女及后辈创造一个路线图,不仅是如何回馈社会,更重要的是给后辈灌输什么是最重要的事,”康义德说。“他们深深担忧第二代,更别说第三代子孙,担心他们并不会非常成功。这并不仅因为他们无须经历同样的经济困难和文革时期的心理创伤,而是他们缺乏来自于中国传统社会紧密社会联系的好处。”魏沛然说,很多中国富豪对美国的富豪感动好奇,比如洛克菲勒家族,他们也对美国慈善领域的优秀实践感兴趣。他们中的很多人已经建立了自己的基金会,也会参考美国慈善家安德鲁·卡内基和范德比尔特的做法。“在美国有效的实践可能在中国不奏效,所以他们必须拿出适用于中国社会的解决方案,”魏沛然说。这一代富豪从旧有的共产主义经济体制的私有化过程中受益,这有着重要的社会意义,比如新兴富有阶层如何与政府互动,康徳义说。“一个重要的问题是,这些富豪在中国更为广泛的政治、社会、经济领域中扮演何种角色。”因为财富集中程度很高,资本外流始终是个让中国政府担忧的问题。中资银行纷纷开发私人理财产品,以满足富有人群需求,并防止他们把资本转向欧美银行。“很长时间以来,人们都很关注这类人群的需求、期望以及动机,因为他们具有显著的经济影响力,”康义德说。现在中国的慈善家们已经积攒起大量财富,他们正想方设法希望通过个人的力量,建立起自身基金会,从而解决区域之间不均衡的问题,“但是他们要跟政府打交道,而政府尚未建立起允许这种职业化行为发生的法规,” 康义德说。“他们在充满挑战和困难的政策环境下运作,因此尚不清楚他们如何得以可持续地发展,” 康义德说,“这就是为什么前路漫长的原因。”last_img read more

Field Day

first_imgUniversity of Georgia cotton and peanut research will be on display at an annual field day in Tifton next month.Scientists from UGA’s College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and industry experts will lead the field day set for the UGA Tifton Campus on Sept. 10.The half-day event, sponsored by the Georgia Cotton Commission and Georgia Peanut Commission, will feature speakers talking about cotton and peanut agronomics, variety testing, breeding, weed control, diseases, insects and fertility. Economists will also be on hand to discuss the market outlook for both crops.“What we’re going to do is showcase all the different research that’s going on that’s supported by those two commissions,” said Guy Collins, UGA Extension cotton agronomist on the UGA Tifton Campus. “There’s a lot of folks at UGA working in both of these crops so we really only have time to hit the highlights. We’re going to hit the most important research that’s going on in both of these commodities that’s supported by both of those commissions.”The field day will start at 8:30 a.m. at UGA’s Gibbs Farm before relocating to the Lang Farm around 11 a.m. Lunch will be held at the UGA Tifton Campus Conference Center at 12:45 p.m. Those planning to attend need to RSVP by Tuesday, Sept. 2 to Michelle Pitts at [email protected] or by phone at (229) 386-3006.UGA’s new Extension peanut agronomist Scott Monfort will be on hand to meet and greet industry personnel and farmers. Monfort stresses the importance of the field day and the information that will be relayed to the public.“Some of the topics that you will hear during this tour include disease, weed and insect management by some of the world’s leading Extension and research faculty,” Monfort said. “This is a perfect opportunity for growers to have a chance to speak with specialists one-on-one in regards to issues they might encounter on their own farm.”To learn more about the field day, go to ugacotton.com/2014/08/2014-uga-cotton-peanut-research-field-day-wednesday-september-10th/.last_img read more

NASCAR Craziness

first_imgThe powers to be in NASCAR felt they needed to do something to fill the stands at race tracks since attendance has been declining the past 5 years.  Their solution was to develop a playoff system that would put an emphasis on winning races and limiting the cars eligible for the title to 16.  This part of the system went well, and it did what it was supposed to do because at least 5 cars were still in contention for that last spot going into the last race of the season.The craziness started when the race for the title began.  Race 1 went off with only a few race mishaps, but Race 2 became a test of survival.  In the last 50 laps there were more wrecks than in a demolition derby.  Since 4 cars will be eliminated after every third race, drivers were very aggressive and seemed to forget all about common sense.  They tried to drive cars into curves too fast, and they tried to expand the tracks racing lanes.  Of the 16 drivers in the “chase”, at least 12 had some incident that put them in jeopardy of not finishing the race.I am sure that this is what NASCAR’s top brass wanted to see.  After all, when NASCAR started, the races were survival events and not the technical shows that racing today has become.  The fans like cars banging into each other just like hockey fans wait for a fight to break out.  We will see how the rest of the races in the “chase” turn out.last_img read more

Zimbabwe batter hapless Afghanistan to set up series-decider

first_imgZIMBABWE forced a series-decider after battering Afghanistan by seven wickets in a rain-affected one-day international in Harare yesterday.The hosts lost the first two of the five-match series but edged home by three runs in a dramatic game three, before skittling out Afghanistan for just 111 in the latest contest.Two rain delays in that innings meant the match was shortened to 42 overs per side and Zimbabwe’s chase reduced to 105, a total they breezed to with over 118 balls remaining – opener Solomon Mire top-scoring with 46.Asghar Stanikzai (19) was Aghanistan’s highest contributor in an abysmal innings, the captain managing to hit a six and two fours before edging Chris Mpofu behind and drawing a fine catch from wicketkeeper Peter Moor.Mpofu (3-25) was the pick of the Zimbabwe bowlers and quickly combined with Moor again to snaffle Hashmatullah Shahidi (12), while Graeme Cremer (2-12) and Tendai Chatara (2-32) also made valuable contributions.last_img read more

Wellington Police Notes: Wednesday, Sept. 7, 2016

first_imgWellington Police notes: Wednesday, September 7, 2016:•2:45 a.m. Officers investigated violation of a protection order in the 600 block N. Olive, Wellington of known suspect.•3:17 a.m. Joseph L. Elliott, 43, Wellington was arrested, charged and confined with violation of protection order.•8:01 a.m. Officers investigated a theft of gasoline in the 1000 block W. 8th, Wellington.•8:29 a.m. Officers took a report of a suspicious person in the 800 block N. Woodlawn, Wellington.•1:09 p.m. Jeremy L. Evans, 38, Mulvane, was arrested and confined on 6 Kay County Warrants.•2:15 p.m. Officers took a report of suspicious activity in the 600 block N. Plum, Wellington.•4:01 p.m. Officers conducted a civil matter in the 1700 block N. A, Wellington.•4:32 p.m. Debra L. Ware, 56, Wellington was arrested and bonded on a City of Wellington warrant for theft.last_img read more