10 April 2013South Africans owe it late SA Communist Party leader Chris Hani to work together on building the kind of country for which he fought and died, President Jacob Zuma said on Wednesday.Zuma was speaking at a ceremony at Thomas Titus Nkobi Memorial Park in Elspark, east of Johannesburg to mark the 20th anniversary of Hani’s assassination.‘Selfless, fearless leader’Addressing a gathering that included members of the Hani family and leaders of the African National Congress (ANC), the SA Communist Party and trade union federation Cosatu, Zuma said that South Africa’s debt to Hani could only be repaid by an unwavering commitment to freedom and prosperity for all South Africans.Hani had proved on many occasions that he was a courageous and fearless leader, Zuma said. He never used his position for selfish gains, but “took his responsibilities very seriously in all structures”.Zuma said South Africans inside and outside the government needed to work towards ensuring that the ideals of economic and social freedom Hani fought for were realised.SA Communist Party General Secretary Blade Nzimande described Hani as not the kind of leader “who was hungry for wealth and positions … He was not about the arrogant display of wealth and ‘bling’, but a true revolutionary committed to the cause of liberating the people of South Africa”.Daughter’s tributeComrades, family and friends all described Hani as a “selfless revolutionary” who died for his political beliefs. But he was also a devoted family man who struggled to balance his political and family life.Hani’s daughter Lindiwe recalled a time “when we as his children were complaining that we did not see much of him. He convened a family meeting and he made us understand that he will never be happy doing anything else other than fighting for the liberation of his people.“I miss my father every day, just as the nation misses Chris Hani … We miss his courage and amazing leadership … As long as we hold on to his memory, he will always be with us.”10 April 1993On 10 April 1993, Hani was shot and killed in the driveway of his home in Boksburg, east of Johannesburg, by Januzs Walus, an anti-Communist Polish refugee who had close links to the white nationalist Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB).Walus and Clive Derby-Lewis, at the time a Conservative Party member of Parliament, were sentenced to death for Hani’s murder, but ironically were saved from the gallows by South Africa’s new Constitution, which rules out the death penalty. They are both serving life sentences in Pretoria.Hani’s death came at a critical time for South Africa, with negotiators still busy hammering out the agreements that would enable the country to hold its first democratic elections a year later.It was Nelson Mandela, president of the African National Congress (ANC), who stepped up to prevent the widespread anger at Hani’s murder from spilling over into bloodshed.Appearing on state television, Mandela said: “To the youth of South Africa, we have a special message: You have lost a great hero. You have repeatedly shown that your love of freedom is greater than that most precious gift, life itself. But you are the leaders of tomorrow. Your country, your people, your organisation need you to act with wisdom. A particular responsibility rests on your shoulders.”An art and photo exhibition celebrating Hani’s life and work opened at the OR Tambo Cultural Precinct in Wattville, Benoni on Wednesday. The exhibition, open to the public free of charge until 10 May, aims to educate people about the role Hani played in making South Africa the democratic country it is today.SAinfo reporter and SAnews.gov.za
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Soon it will be time to heat the greenhouse. The heating system may have been working when it was last used this past spring, but those systems have had several warm and humid summer months to degrade.A heater or boiler out of tune will use more fuel than necessary and could produce harmful exhaust inside the greenhouse. In addition, new cracks or other air gaps in the structure will quickly leak heat. Checking over the greenhouse structure and heating systems as fall approaches will save your heating costs.HeatersService space heaters or boiler serviced once a year. Check with your natural gas or propane provider to see if heater inspection is a service offered. Hire a qualified service technician to perform regular maintenance. Gains in efficiency can more than pay for a professional tune-up.There is some basic maintenance for a gas space heater, but only perform as much self-service as you feel comfortable with. Before the heating season check heaters, air inlets, and chimneys for bird nests and other debris. Clean gas burners with a bristle brush and compressed air. Inspect the heat exchanger and exhaust pipe for cracks. A cracked heat exchanger or vent pipe will allow harmful gasses such as carbon monoxide and ethylene into the greenhouse. Electrical connections should be tight. If fuel oil is used, replace the fuel filter. Check pilot or spark ignition for proper operation.Turn on gas burners and inspect gas flames. The burner flame should be blue. A yellow flame indicates incomplete combustion and could be caused by a dirty or misaligned orifice. An unstable flame may be an indication of drafts from a cracked heat exchanger or other air leaks. Check gas supply lines for leaks with a soap solution while the gas is on. Make sure propane tanks have adequate pressure or that fuel oil tank is full.Regular heating system maintenance results in a 2% increase in efficiency. For a 30-foot by 100-foot greenhouse 2% can save: 285 therms of natural gas, 330 gallons of propane, or 200 gallons of fuel oil. The savings should more than pay for the service. Seal air leaksExpandable foam, weather stripping, and caulking can be used to seal air leaks in the greenhouse structure where heat can escape. Check for air gaps around doors, ventilation fans, and other equipment mounted through the glazing. Plastic film can become cut, punctured, or torn with regular use throughout the year. It is very easy to accidently poke a long handled tool through polyethylene film. Inspect the film and use an appropriate tape to seal any holes.Keep photosynthesis in mind when sealing the greenhouse. Plants require carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. If the greenhouse is too well sealed, carbon dioxide levels will drop and photosynthesis will decrease. Monitoring carbon dioxide levels in the greenhouse will help to determine if there is enough ventilation for plants to grow. An air exchange rate of 0.1 to 0.3 exchanges per hour is necessary to ensure sufficient carbon dioxide. An alternative option to ventilation is the installation of a carbon dioxide burner.In addition to using up carbon dioxide, plants in an air-tight greenhouse will raise relative humidity. It is therefore necessary to actively remove moisture from a well-sealed greenhouse. To maintain acceptable humidity levels, a greenhouse will require between 0.3 and 1 air exchanges per hour. The exact air exchange rate required is dependent on outside humidity level. Measuring relative humidity in the greenhouse will be necessary to ensure proper humidity levels for plant transpiration and disease control.Louvers are designed to seal when ventilation fans are not operating. If ventilation fans will be needed for dehumidification during the winter, lubricate louvers so they can easily shut when fans are turned off. If fans will not be used during the winter, consider sealing them with plastic or Styrofoam insulation inside and out. Any other openings in the greenhouse structure that will not be used during winter such as cooling pads should be well sealed.Light LevelLimited light in the winter due to low solar angle and short daytime can be made worse by dirty glazing. Glazing should be cleaned prior to the winter season. Double layer plastic film should be inflated with outside air for higher light transmission. If high humidity greenhouse air is used to inflate double layer plastic covering, condensation will form between the layers and reduce light transmission. Inflation to the proper static pressure is important for maximizing the insulating properties of the glazing. Double layer plastic film greenhouses naturally have lower light transmission than single layer films, so make sure you are taking full advantage of the heat savings by keeping the film properly inflated. Also in preparation for the low light levels associated with the winter, check the operation of supplemental lighting. Prevent freezingAny water lines that may be subjected to freezing temperatures should be blown out or otherwise winterized. Make sure equipment, such as pressure washers, are winterized so freezing water does not cause damage. Cooling systems for internal combustion motors must have antifreeze in the coolant. Dr. Peter Ling is an Associate Professor and Extension Specialist in the area of controlled environment plant production. He can be reached at 330-263-3857 or [email protected] This column is provided by the OSU Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, OSU Extension, Ohio Agricultural Research and development Center, and the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences. Luke Power is a Research Associate with Dr. Ling.
West Bengal has incurred a loss of ₹23,811 crore in the devastations caused by cyclone Bulbul that has affected around 35 lakh people in three districts, said a report the state government submitted to the visiting central team said on Saturday. The report was handed over to the members of the central team during a meeting with state Chief Secretary Rajiva Sinha at the secretariat and a separate report would be sent to the Centre. Members of the team called on the State government officials on Saturday, a day after they visited the cyclone-hit areas in North & South 24 Parganas and Purba Midnapore districts to assess the extent of damage caused by the storm.“The state has incurred a total loss of ₹23,811 crore in the three districts ravaged by cyclone Bulbul where over 35 lakhs of people have been directly affected. A total of 5,17,535 houses were damaged in the cyclone,” a senior official said, quoting from the report. Altogether 14,89,924 hectare of agricultural land have been damaged, it said adding that the power department has incurred a loss of ₹597 crore. As many as 4,35,000 tarpaulin and 6.2 lakh water pouches have been distributed by the state Public Health Engineering department, the report said.“Reports on losses incurred in North and South 24 Parganas and East Medinipur districts due to the storm and requirement in those areas were handed over to the central team. We would submit a separate report to the Centre,” the IAS officer said. The central team have made ground visits, conducted aerial surveys of the affected areas and met officials of the three affected officials.“We visited the areas affected by the cyclone to assess the extent of devastation. We have spoken to all the people concerned,” a member of the central team said.“We have taken note of what we have gathered from our meetings in these districts. We will now submit a report to the central government,” he said. The team members included joint secretary of Ministry of Home Affairs K.B. Singh, assistant director of department of expenditure under the Union finance ministry Sumit Agarwal, director of department of agriculture Narendra Kumar and deputy director of Union Power Ministry O.P. Suman. Cyclone Bulbul had made landfall late on November 9 between Sagar Islands in West Bengal and Khepupara in Bangladesh. Altogether 14 people, including fishermen of a capsized trawler, died in the calamity. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee had earlier welcomed the visit of the team to the cyclone-hit areas. After conducting an aerial survey of the cyclone-hit areas, she had said on Wednesday that the loss incurred by the state due to the catastrophe might go up to ₹50,000 crore.
Keane and Carragher clash over Liverpool’s title failureby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United legend Roy Keane has enjoyed a dig at Jamie Carragher over Liverpool’s title failure.Keane and Carragher were both in the Sky Sports studio analysing Manchester United’s latest defeat to West Ham in the Premier League. “I was in this position at Liverpool where you are trying to catch teams,” he said.”Sometimes you just need that two or three players who can transform them. I think of Luis Suarez coming to Liverpool.”For three or four years we were finishing sixth and seventh, where United are and then almost won the title.”Sometimes that one player can make all the difference.”But Keane hit back with his own response and suggested finishing runners-up would never be enough for United.”Jamie, you said almost winning the title. You didn’t win a title. You are talking about Manchester United here,” Keane said.Carragher responded by saying it would help United ‘bridge the gap’ but Keane snapped back: “But Liverpool are still trying to bridge that gap.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
As things stand coming out of the All-Star break, the Warriors will probably catch Michael Jordan’s 1995-96 Bulls, which own the record of 72 wins, and are a little better than a coin flip to pass them.Last time we checked in on Golden State’s run to 73 was back in December, when the model gave the Warriors a 54 percent chance of getting at least 72 wins and a 44.1 percent chance of at least 73. A little more than two months later, the Warriors are 48-4 and those chances are 69.8 percent to hit 72 and an even 54 percent to reach 73. From where we sit, at least, the Warriors now appear likely to break the ’96 Bulls’ record. WINSSIMSCHANCE OF EXACTLY THIS MANY WINSCHANCE OF AT LEAST THIS MANY WINS 57880.299.9 593940.899.3 64530.199.9 72785715.769.8 68631712.631.2 591<0.1%100.0% 7112182.43.3 7028075.68.9 676341.398.9 6223724.794.0 64502210.082.2 611<0.1>99.9 75575411.520.9 582030.499.7 The Warriors are shooting 46.3 percent from three on “wide open” (defender more than 6 feet away) threes, best in the league. They also lead the league in “open” threes at 41 percent and “tight” coverage threes at 37.3 percent. They do fall to fourth in “very tight” threes (36.1 percent) but have taken only 36 of those all season. Curry’s 646 3-point attempts last season were more than those Miller and Bird seasons combined — and he’s on pace to demolish that number this year. 6321<0.1>99.9 7632076.49.3 782430.50.5 50,000 CARM-Elo simulations of the Spurs’ season with data through Feb. 18Before Thursday night’s loss, the Spurs’ chance for 70 wins was 19.4 percent. With the loss, it fell to 8.9 — still absurdly high, but well back of the Warriors.Andrew Flowers and Jay Boice contributed research. 723790.80.9 According to nbaminer.com, Curry has scored 10 straight points for his team 10 times, the most in the league (James Harden is second with nine); he’s scored 15 straight team points three times (Harden is second again, two) and 20 straight once (only Paul George has also done that this season). Curry has scored five straight unanswered points 55 times (Harden is second with 47, followed by George and Klay Thompson at 30).2Reggie Jackson is the only player to score 15 unanswered points this season. Only three players have done it since the 1996-7 season — Jackson this year, Jamal Crawford in 2013-14 and Brandon Jennings in 2012-13.Probably the most alarming thing about the Warriors this season is how thoroughly they are outpacing the Spurs, another omega-level team stalking around the league. Also according to nbaminer.com, the Warriors’ average first-quarter margin is +6.04. The Spurs are second at +2.98. The Spurs remain ahead of the Warriors on the overall marks, +12.7 to +12.5, but this difference is more than accounted for in the fourth quarter, where the Warriors are -0.12 and the Spurs are an NBA-best +2.56. The Warriors’ average margin per overtime period is +4.0, best in the league.And here’s the same display of possible records we generated for the Warriors above, but for the Spurs. 71599612.081.7 73855917.154.0 67710514.245.4 50,000 CARM-Elo simulations of the Warriors’ season with data through Feb. 18 5511<0.1100.0 74803116.136.9 542<0.1100.0 (While we’re digging out old charts, get a load of Draymond in these.) 73680.10.1 If the Warriors completely gave up the 3-pointer and shot none of them per game from this point forward, the Timberwolves, who take the fewest threes per game, would need 50 games to catch up in attempts and 83 games to catch up in makes, pulling even right around the 137th game of the season. Steph Curry is 11 for 24 on threes from 30 feet or more, according to nbawowy.com. Six of those shots (and one of the makes) were from beyond half court, meaning he’s 10 for 18 between 30 feet and the center line. (The rest of the Warriors are 1 for 14 from 30-plus.) Consider this a reminder that Ben Morris dug into Steph’s imperious shot selection in December. 7712242.52.9 651380.399.8 625<0.1>99.9 6925855.294.9 In order to match the best 3-point-percentage season of Reggie Miller’s career (42.9 percent), Steph Curry (45.4 percent from three on 10.8 per game) would have to miss 31 straight threes; to match Larry Bird’s best (42.7 percent) he’d need to miss 34 straight; to match LeBron’s mark this season (27.4 percent) he would have to miss 354 straight 3-point shots. 66715314.359.7 Oh, here’s a scatter plot of 3-point attempts vs. 3-point percentage since the 1979-80 season, the first year of the 3-pointer: 532<0.1100.0 This foolishness: The Warriors create 70.4 points per game through assists. The rest of the league has a fairly linear progression from the bottom on up — the Lakers are the worst, at 43.2, and the figure creeps up team by team until it stops with the Hawks, in second place, at 60.3. That isn’t adjusted for tempo (the Warriors play at the second-fastest pace in the league), but the Dubs are also comfortably in first in percentage of passes that are assists, are secondary assists or lead to free throws. 6114502.996.9 WINSSIMSCHANCE OF EXACTLY THIS MANY WINSCHANCE OF AT LEAST THIS MANY WINS 6335447.189.3 65622812.572.1 608091.698.5 56360.1100.0 7040088.089.8 Our colleagues at ESPN Stats & Info once again have a less optimistic outlook, today giving the Warriors a 37 percent chance of hitting 73 or more wins. The explanation for the difference in the two models is the same as it was in December, when we were also more bullish than our colleagues: We devised a different rating system, called CARM-Elo, which allows good (or bad) runs of play in the simulations to inform a team’s simulated strength through the rest of the simulated season. Basically, this means that it allows for extreme performance to be reflected in the results, and the Warriors are certainly extreme.Still, all of the back-and-forth over exactly how good the Warriors are is more than a little backward. Any serious debate over whether Golden State is an all-time team dried up months ago; all that’s left now is the dreary accounting of decimal points next to the team’s name. Screw that. NBA nerds slapfighting over some grandiose meaning of the Warriors is boring — it’s the spectacle that matters, the crossovers and no-looks and nonsense transition threes, and how those feats of skill translate to the stat sheet. That in mind, here’s a bunch of Warriors facts aimed at appreciating the wild mess they’re accomplishing this season, rather than simply measuring it.The Warriors would have to miss their next 545 3-pointers to bring their team mark of 42.4 percent down to the level of the league-worst Lakers, at 31.5 percent. 6813682.797.7 663140.699.6 521<0.1%100.0% 601<0.1>99.9 6947919.618.5 Remember that two-month stretch in the summer of 2009 when Steph Curry might have gone to the Knicks, before Donnie Walsh and Mike D’Antoni went around telling anyone who would stand still long enough to hear it exactly why Curry would be a superstar? And remember how disappointing it was, then, when Curry landed on a Warriors team that didn’t use him at all in the way fans dreamed he might be used by the Pringles ‘stache? Well, Curry found his way into the seven-seconds-or-less offense anyway. By NBA.com’s count (which can lag a game or two behind), the Warriors have taken 299 threes in the first seven seconds of the shot clock and made 48.5 percent of them. The next closest by percentage is Indiana, at 42.5 on 167 attempts; Houston, first in attempts with 301 (in four more games than Golden State) has made 38.9 percent of its own; and the Thunder have found a way to make just 31.6 percent on 171 attempts. On all field goals in the seven-seconds-or-less window,1NBA.com doesn’t have free-throw data for these, for some reason. the Warriors have a 68 percent effective field-goal percentage — the next closest is the Cavs, at 63.4 percent. The Knicks, meanwhile, are last in the league at 51.4 percent.
Ohio State junior guard C.J. Jackson (3) calls a play in the first half of the Ohio State-Robert Morris game on Nov. 10. Ohio State won 95-64. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo Editor